Image formats

Photos are stored on your PC in a specific format. This is usually specified by the programme you are using. You can recognize the format by the abbreviation at the end of the name.

  • Example: FrontMonasteryBanz.jpg  

The first part of the name is the one you gave to the photo, for example FrontMonasteryBanz. This is followed by a dot and the abbreviation for one of the most common formats: jpg.

  • Example: BanzfromAfar.psd  

Again, the first part of the name is the actual name of the photo, the second is the format. In this case, it is a Photoshop format. Photoshop is a common editing software.

  • Example: ChurchofMonasteryBanz.psd  

The first part of the name is the one you gave: ChruchofMonasteryBanz, the second is the psd format.   

The various most commonly used image formats:  

Image formatBrief descriptionBest use
.jpg or .jpegIt is compatible with most programmes and images can be saved in good to very good quality.It is ideal for low-resolution image views on the internet (taking up little storage space).
.pngThis format is not compatible with all applications. Nevertheless, it offers the possibility of using small images while maintaining high quality.Very suitable for logos and small images with thousands of colour shades. PNG images can be saved with a transparent background and are mostly used for smaller image icons on the internet.
.psdPSD is Photoshop’s own format. When you edit an image in Photoshop, it is automatically saved in psd format. But that’s why you can’t open the files with the standard programmes. A possible alternative is Gimp.If you have edited an photo in Photoshop, but you still want it to be compatible, it is best to convert it into jpg format.
.tiffPhotos in TIFF format are usually larger (thus, they require a lot of storage on your PC) but save the photos in very good quality.They can be edited well in graphics programs. They are good for creating print products.
.gifGIF is pretty much the opposite of TIFF. The photos are stored very small, but the quality is usually not so good.GIF images have short loading times. This format is unsuitable for photos and images with many nuances. GIF is best suited for small graphic elements such as diagrams, clip art or buttons.


Course: Presenting content

Course instructors